The Terrors Of Nuclear Weapons And Why You Should Pledge Against It
Nuclear terrorism is the most serious danger the world is facing. Just imagine a million or more people dying from the explosion of a nuclear weapon having tornado-strength winds spreading flames that are much hotter than the surface of the sun itself. With a slim chance of having survivors, hospitals would become too crowded, there will be no electricity, no phones to contact their families and there would be no transportation. In addition, the direct economic damage would likely be in the range of trillions of dollars, and the reverberating economic effects throughout a certain country and the world would come to several times that figure.
To date, a total of nine countries have 16,000 nuclear weapons. The nine countries are the United Kingdom, the United States, North Korea, Russia, China, India, France, Israel. The the Nuclear Non-Proliferation Treaty (NPT) which is the key piece of international law governing nuclear weapons possession was signed in 1968 by China, France, Russia, the UK, and the US to have their weapons legitimized. Whereas North Korea, India, Pakistan, and Israel ignored the treaty and made their own bombs.
Initially, there are two types of nuclear bombs use. The first being fission which is the process of splitting the nucleus of an atom into two or more smaller nuclei and are often referred to as atomic bombs. While fusion is the process by which multiple hydrogen nuclei join together to form a heavier nucleus. Hydrogen bombs or thermonuclear weapons can be made by using both fission and fusion.
There are three types of nuclear weapons based on the material used. They are uranium bombs, plutonium bombs and hydrogen bombs. The uranium bombs are relatively easy to design and make but require a material that is difficult to obtain which is a purified uranium-235. Plutonium bombs are more difficult to design and make but use a material that is easier to acquire: plutonium-239. The hydrogen bombs are the most difficult to make since they require a uranium or plutonium bomb to serve as the trigger for the fusion reaction. It packs a more destructive power since it requires the joining of two lighter atoms such as hydrogen at extremely high temperatures to produce one heavier one such as helium.
Now that you know the dangers of nuclear weapons, you should take your first step in saving the people you love and all the other living things on Earth by signing for a pledge against it. There are pledges for no first use of a nuclear power not to use nuclear weapons as a means of warfare unless first attacked by an adversary using nuclear weapons. The no first use pledge is just one out of the many out there.